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Introduction

Paternalism is a philosophy that represented slavery where slave owners were viewed as a father figure owning the slaves. This proposal however had little to do with the thought that masters were kind, cheerful and uncomplicated to get along with, but in its place was a more related thought of a father as disciplinarian or man to be constantly obeyed. However, such a gave the slave owners a chance to demonstrate their generosity to slaves but at the same time to exercise authority over the slaves' life. Authority was frequently known to corrupt, and in this scheme there were several chances where slave owners abused power and mishandled their slaves. Slave owners mainly liked the thought of paternalism since it granted them good quality emotions about themselves. Instead being brutal slave-driving dictators, the slave owners previously viewed themselves as a benevolent father figure of their slaves. However like Thomas Jefferson hardly ever described their servants as slaves, nevertheless he referred them as my people (Don 10).

Paternalism also persuaded the slaves to attend church and acknowledge Christianity .Even the masters with tough laid down regulations permitted their slaves and granted them   opportunity to join church service. The main reason why masters were optimistic about the idea of church was that they had vision that after slaves had attended the church they had a likelihood of being obedient. However this didn't go as it was planned instead several slaves transformed to Christianity and through this religion majority of them recognized their endless worth and love for others. This motivated the slaves to question their masters who were surely mistreating their slaves and demanded to be treated the same way as their masters. On minute farms the thought of paternalism possibly was petite issue and more reasonable. The undersized agricultural estate like Great Hope Farm had only ten slaves available due to this petite number it was essential for the family to toil along side slaves in the farms neighboring the house. This facilitated the creation of the bond between slave owners and the slaves and that is the reason why paternalism was not complex. Slave owners who possessed small numbers of slaves handled them kindheartedly; more as their children than possessions (Brannon 15-18).

Genovese observed the antebellum South as a geologically united paternalist civilization that oppressed and tried to misuse the slaves. He seriously concentrated on the role of religion as an outline of opposition in the everyday life of the slaves since the slaves utilized this to give themselves humankind rationality. He described opposition to slavery as hard work by which slaves turned down their status as slaves together with their religion, music and the culture they had established. Genovese practiced Antonio Gramsci's theory of cultural hegemony to the slaves in the south. Paternalism was embraced by slave owners and slaves in establishment of healthy relationship among themselves. Paternalism permitted slave owners to consider themselves as kindhearted and they were given explanation for their appropriation of slaves'. However, paternalism principles were assumed that's why they granted institution of slavery more benevolent expression and helped inflation of the uprising tough abolitionist evaluation of the foundation.

The emergence of cotton cultivation in the south expanded the dependence on slavery in the region. Although white southern civilization was overpowered by the foundation of slavery many whites didn't possess their own slaves and they had some customs that had faith in slavery and ideals of freedom were established in the era of Revolution. The slaves established a diverse African-America civilization in the South. This is the reason why they opposed the union by all means (Brannon 8-10). Slaves greatly resisted the conversion of benevolent gifts or privileges bequested upon them by their slave owners since it was habitual privileges that slave owners would not go against. The reciprocity of paternalism was advantageous to the slaves' by allowing them to request more compassionate handling from their slave owners. (Douglas 12-14).

The philosophy of paternalism had great impact in the agriculture sector, in transforming South slave. Slave owners developed logic on self-righteousness. Even if the white Northern employee had faced hardship in life he was far much better than slave since the white employee had granted them freedom. Paternalism was explored as an implicit agreement in which employees exchanged business exact services for nonmarket goods. Paternalism condensed verifying and turnover expenditures incurred in cotton agriculture in the United States South awaiting the automation of the cotton. However, awaiting then the effectiveness of paternalism was challenged by administration programs that had possibility of replacing paternalism. The huge Southern landlord had political influence to stop the manifestation of such curriculums in the South. All the same with automation, the financial motivation that made paternalism available vanished and the Southern congressmen permitted wellbeing curriculums to develop in ways reliable to their welfare (Brannon 14-16)

The southern region produced about three-fourth of the cottons supplied in the globe although it illustrated the Americas best produced export that the reason why slave-owners supported slavery.  Slavery transformed the life style of the slave owners and boosted the economy of the Southern that had contrast from that of the North since it was not prone to slavery like the South. However several cities in the South emerged since they were depots for gathering and shipping cotton since most of those white southerners supported slavery due to shared bondage of regional loyalty, racism and also kinship ties.

Paternalism welcomed the idea of ownership of large numbers of slaves though this was described as a key factor in belonging to a prestige class in the society both in terms of prosperity and power. However, the Southern protected slavery both in circumstances of free will and liberty and declared that absence of slavery liberty wasn't probable. Slave-owners had great power over slaves' marriage union and controlled their leisure time. For instance, there is an incidence where a slave murdered her master while opposing sexual harassment. In spite of being jailed life sentence term, her term was delayed because of pregnancy and execution was postponed not to refute the masters' property liberties since in the south slaves were declared as slave owners' possession. However due to paternalism in the South laws were amended to protect the slave from being mishandled (Edward 22-24).

Conclusion

Paternalism in a small way accepted the slaves' apparent kindness by being acknowledging that slaves were worth and had similar emotions and desires as their own kids. The slaves' owners obviously indicated that they had no consideration of slaves being less human. When slavery was declared paternalist it had several significance and that is the reason most slaveholders thought slavery was the best thing given to the slaves. Their intention of controlling slaves was to promote and safeguard their good motives.

Paternalism was mainly concerned with the interests and motives of slave owners towards slaves. Nevertheless slavery was declared as situation of reliance where slaves relied on the slave owners for their existence since they were incapable of being dependant and responsible on their own. Slaveholders were not termed as wicked or ignorant but paternalism counts in the sustenance of slavery. The outlook that slavery was unfair ceased and it was not as bad as several people imagined (Don 10-15).

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